Two schools under one roof in Bosnia and Herzegovina: (Mis)understanding the problem, and possible solutions

The education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the individual practices that are applied are far from being effective in encouraging understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial, ethnic or religious groups, as required by the Framework Law on Primary and Secondary Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other international legal documents the state has ratified. Existing educational policies result in ubiquitous discrimination and inequality and even segregation in education. The most illustrative example of this practice are the divided / parallel schools, better known as "two schools under one roof".

Themes: Human Rights
Alina Trkulja


The author in this commentary offers an overview of current practices in education in BiH from the perspective of language and identity, identifies dominant concepts and models for solving the problem of divided education which are used in political and expert platforms and initiatives in this field, and critically evaluates them in accordance with principles, values and objectives of education established by the international human rights framework and the state legal framework. Finally, the current dominant proposals of the model for overcoming the identified problems and achieving a more just, inclusive and intercultural education have been identified and considered in the analysis.

The publication is published within the project “Equality for All: Civil Society Coalition against Discrimination“, and is implemented in cooperation with Mediacentar Sarajevo, Analitika – Center for Social Research, Rights for All and Vaša prava BiH. This project is financed by USAID and Open Society Fund Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This publication is published by the generous support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this Commentary are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

The publication in local languages is available HERE.